Who is Santa Claus?

Who is Santa Claus?

Santa Claus

None of us can imagine a new year celebration without
major heroes - father Frost and snow maiden. Grandfather frost is not a
native Russian character, whose new year's gifts, are the main concern.
According to the tradition of the ancient Rus were similar characters,
such as the winter cold and frost or as it is often called Morozko. In
those times it was believed that Morozko walks in the woods by his magic
staff knocks on earth, why start strong frosts that the frost sweeps
past the houses, why glass Windows are covered with simple snow-frosty
patterns.

In view of our ancestors Grandfather frost appeared as an old
man with a long beard. But, gifts for the new year were not the main
task of the Frost. It was considered, from November to March Grandfather
frost was busy patrolling through fields and forests, helping animals
and plants to survive the cold winter. A lot of images similar to the
Grandfather frost meets in Russian folk tales (Morozko, the Grandfather
of Studenets, Moroz Ivanovich). But these fairy-tale characters had no
relation to the celebration of the New Year. Their main concern was to
help people and nature.

The modern Santa Claus, is the new year's character. Grandfather frost is considered the person, whose name is
Nikolay, which existed in the III century of our era on the shores of
the Mediterranean sea. According to legend, Nikolay was born in a fairly
wealthy family and have always helped the poor, and particularly care
about the children. After the death of Nikolai was canonized and
canonized.

Santa Claus

There is a legend, according to which the Nikolai by
chance overheard the complaints of some poor peasant, which was so hard
that he was about to give their daughters. This man was greatly
troubled, but he had other way, because it was very poor. Nikolai
secretly penetrated into the house of the poor man and stuck in the
chimney of the house a huge bag full of coins. In the furnace of a poor
person dried stockings and shoes of his daughters. You can imagine what
joy Nikolai brought the girls, when they next morning found in the
furnace their shoes and stockings, brim full of coins made of gold.
Since in most European countries fared custom hide in stockings small
gifts,from Nicholas,for children. In our country there is a tradition to
hide the presents - «николайчики" under the pillow. These gifts
children always are waiting to and immensely them rejoice. But with the
passage of time the tradition of giving gifts switched on the Christmas
time in the countries of the West, and in the New Year in the
post-Soviet space. It is noteworthy that in many Western countries the
New year is a holiday of less significant, than Christmas. New Year in
such countries is celebrated with a reduced scale, and some did not
celebrate it.

In our country, on the contrary, the New year is
the main holiday. In this day of the Grandfather frost and his assistant
snow maiden give new year's presents for all the kids. Among the kids
are very common so-called "letter to Santa Claus", in which children
give a promise to behave myself, and asked the Grandfather Frost what
the dream. Is the place to be the fact, that practically in any country
of Santa Claus is called differently. The Americans and British call it
Santa Claus, come on Christmas, in France - a Peer Noel, in Finland
Santa Claus wears the name of Ioluppuke.

There is one
distinguishing feature that distinguishes the Russian Grandfather Frost
with a winning hand. Only at our Grandfather frost has a granddaughter,
by the name of the snow maiden. The snow maiden appeared in the late
19th century. A. Mr.. Ostrovsky in its fairy tale "the snow maiden"
described a prototype of modern granddaughter of father frost. But in
the work of the snow maiden was in the role of the daughter of Frost.
The snow maiden lived in the woods, and appeared before the people,
charmed by the magnificent music, which heard from people. Well-known
sponsor of Savva Mamontov, who was fascinated by the way the snow
maiden, organized a performance in your home theater.

Also the
image of the snow maiden was supplemented by well-known artists as N.
To. Roerich, M. А.Врубель, In. M. Vasnetsov. The great composer N.
А.Римский-Korsakov composed the Opera and dedicated it to the enchanting
fairy person of snow maiden.
In our time, the snow maiden and
Grandfather frost favorites of all children. In the New Year children
eagerly await the moment when the Grandfather of the frost and the snow
maiden will pass away to their home and give them a long-awaited gifts.

Santa Claus congratulates all of you With New Year! All only begins!